To stop corruption, we should make
our government responsible and our judiciary system strong so that harsh
punishment is given to anyone who dare to do corruption and cause loss to his
country. We should not discriminate between people and give a biased decision.
Everyone whether it is rich or poor, powerful or common man should be
accountable and should have justice.
Another important fact is that we
should have a complete check and balance on the government expenditures.
Because most of the corruption is done through it. As there is no proper check
on their activities than it provides a chance to the corrupt peoples to fill
Our study also gives us the knowledge
that military participation in government is also a reason for corruption.
Although they occupy the state when the situation is going out of hand. But
when they put their step in the government affairs they are also involved in
To conclude the discussion, we can
say that corruption is prevailing in the whole world no matter whether it is a
developed nation or an underdeveloped country. But it is also noticeable that the
big organizations like United Nation and
World Bank are doing their utmost
efforts to control it.
MOST CORRUPT COUNTRIES IN WORLD
Name of Country
TOP MOST CORRUPT ASIAN COUNTRIES
Bribe is so much prevailing in
Pakistani society that people have to give it even for their legal work. This
is due to the luxurious lifestyle of the officials. They have increased their
expenditures and have to do corruption to fulfill their luxurious needs.
Corruption is also prevailing due to
lack of accountability in Pakistan. The
law is enforced only for poor and the powerful are not said anything. Powerful
survive the punishment by using unlawful means. Bribe is given to avoid any
kind of small or harsh punishment.
In Pakistan, corruption problems are
prevailing since it came into being. The changes in regimes between military
and civilian’s institutions due to three different successful coups have also
weakened the anti-corruption institutions. In recent time, Pakistan is doing
better in eradicating corruption but still there is a long road ahead.
In Pakistan, corruption is prevailing
in almost all organization but most of its impacts are found in Politics and
lower level of police department. Pakistan was ranked 116th place in
corruption out of 176 countries by Transparency
International’s 2016 Corruption Perception.
CORRUPTION IN PAKISTAN
To provide effective measurement for
detection, investigation, prosecution and speedy disposal of cases involving
corruption, corrupt practice, misuse of authority, misappropriation of
property, taking of kickbacks, commission and for matters connected and
ancillary or incidental thereto.
To take cognizance of acts constituting offences of corruption
and corrupt practice, extirpation of corruption and corrupt practices and hold
accountable accused persons and matters ancillary thereto
NAB derives it legal mandate from
National Accountability Ordinance, 1999 which authorize it to:
Long Term Setting the elimination of corruption by engaging all the stakeholders in the
fight against corruption, through a programme, which is a holistic,
comprehensive and progressive.
Short Term Setting in motion systems improvements that will strengthen the national integrity
system and the people against corruption.
The National Accountability Bureau
derives its objective from its approved project document titled ‘National Anti Corruption
Strategy’ or NACS and defines them as follow
The main aim of National
Accountability Bureau is to work to eliminate corruption completely through a
comprehensive approach encompassing prevention, awareness, monitoring and
The National Accountability Bureau is to be a
credible, effective, efficient and dynamic anti-corruption organization creating
an enabling environment for a corrupt free society.
National Anticorruption Strategy (NACS)
was launched in 2002, February 1 by NAB. The NACS
team conducted broad based surveys, studied external models of international
anti-corruption agencies and involved local stakeholder. Detailed study of
National Integrity System pillars was conducted. After identifying the causes
of corruption in each pillar, an exhaustive strategy and a detail action plan
NAB (National Accountability Bureau)
is the organization for anti-corruption in Pakistan. The main goal of this
institution is to eliminate corruption from the country. It operates under National
Accountability Ordinance 1999. The headquarter of NAB
is in Islamabad and the regional offices are in Karachi, Lahore,
Quetta, Peshawar and Rawalpindi.
Emperor Constantine issue an order in
331 A.D which was one of the strongest degree against corruption
at that time. The one found guilty were send to an isolated island as exile or
on a far-off rural area while some were sentenced to death. A judge, for example,
might be executed if he had acquitted someone guilty of murder for the right
Local magistrate in the Roman Empire were
permitted to legally receive gifts of 100 gold pieces in a year,
but it was considered as ‘filth’ if anyone exceed this amount. There was
a separate category of criminals against what was called concussion. A
Roman official might demand bribe from someone against who he has a legal order
in order to save the person from punishment.
The corruption of government
officials seems to be as old as recorded history. For example, the ancient
Roman senate passed laws against such political corruption in the first century
B.C. They defined a corrupt act as “whenever money is taken and a publicly-conferred
duty is violated”.
HISTORY OF CORRUPTION:
(DEFINITION OF CORRUPTION)
“Corruption is a form of dishonest or unethical conduct by a person
entrusted with a position of authority, often to acquire personal advantage.
Corruption may include many activities including bribery and misappropriation,
though it may also involve practices that are legal in many countries. Government,
or ‘political’, corruption occurs when an office-holder or other governmental
employee acts in an official capacity for personal gain”.
is a social evil and it can be defined by a scholar named as “ROHNI PANDI, HAWARD UNIVERSITY”: