There are many factors that go into the way that farmers and livestock workers get their
produce and animals in a more time and labor efficient way. Throughout this essay, I will be
discussing the agricultural differences from the 1900’s to the present day for Texas, the United
States, and the world.
Texas places second with the most population in the United States with an estimated
population of 28,449,000. The population in 1900 was only 3,048,710. The farms in Texas
decreased from 420,000 in 1940 to 241,500 in 2016. But the number of farmers continues to
increase. These farms are run by farmers and ranchers. The farming machines have gotten
better and perform faster tasks. The farming equipment is more expensive today than it was
back when the equipment was first put out in the consumer market in the 1900’s. Over the time
more restrictions have been applied on farming practices.
During the 1900’s in the United States every aspect of farming was done by hand.
Farmers would plow with walking plows, gather hay by forking it, and milk the cows hand. All
of the power needed for the farm operations was supplied by work animals and human. All of
the food that was being grown on the farm was used to feed the farmers family and the animals
on the farm. All other necessities that the family needed would be bought by going into the city
on horseback or on a wagon. From the time frame of 1900’s to the 1950’s farming in the United
States was revolutionized by the widespread use of machinery, and the direct use of scientific
knowledge and improvement methods in agricultural production. BY the 1950’s the farms in the
United States performed many of their chores by electricity and other power equipment.
Plowing was now performed with a tractor gangplow; hay racking was now done by hay loaders
or a pickup baler; milking machines had lightened the burdens of milk production. One of the
bigger developments that had a greater impact, like new technology, was the production of
automobiles, trucks, and improved roads. By the 1970’s about four percent of the employed
labor force worked in the agriculture industry.
In 1900 the global population was 1.6 billion. The population has gone up to an
estimated 7.6 billion as of December 2017. The population in agriculture is declining. More
than two thirds of the population in poor countries, such as Africa and Asia, work in agriculture.
While in the rich countries less than five percent of the population work in agriculture. Threequarters
of the world’s poorest people get their food and income by farming on small lands.
These farmers sometimes have problems with their crops due to soil, plant diseases, pests, and
droughts. These farmers do not have the access to water, fertilizers, pesticides, and enough
education about agriculture that could make them be more successful. The countries with
agriculture advantages in pesticides, fertilizers, and agricultural education are the United States,
China, India, and Russia. They have larger crops due to larger lands and better machinery.
From this essay, we have seen the evolution of the past two hundred years in the dramatic
change in agriculture. From the beginning, we have seen that a farmer was only able to produce
for his family and for his animals, but with the improvements in technology farmers and ranchers
are now able to produce on a much larger scale, giving them the opportunity to sell to the public
and in markets. We can only hope that the countries with the better resources will help
contribute to aid the poor countries in the world.

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