first article “America’s Racial Divide: Of Debt Spoken and Unspoken” by Lucas
Morel has given a comprehensive analysis of reparation. Lucas dismisses the
idea of monetary reparation to blacks as Charles Krauthammer advocated it.
Charles had earlier in his award-winning work suggested that the government
should establish a program to compensate the blacks for many years of
oppression and also abolish any program that had any element(s) of racial preference.
Lucas in his work feels that advocating for reparation would only widen the
already existing rift between Americans.
accepts that the Americans are aware that they should settle their debts with
the blacks just as Fredrick Douglass suggested it. There is a serious concern
about racial issues and have been witnessed in the news every day, and this
means that justice has never been done. Lucas suggests that something should be
done but first there should be an agreement between all stakeholders, the first
step should be to lower the racial tension. There is a feeling that the debt
has already been paid since black-Americans still enjoy the advantages of good
education as well as employment opportunities just like the whites. All these
came as a result of the harm done to blacks long ago since the benefits of that
harm are shared, none should be paid.
According to Lucas,
American owe no monetary compensations to the blacks since that would undermine
the very self-evident truth that all people were created equal. He concludes by
saying that Americans owe themselves a great appreciation for the great work
they have done in making themselves successful. The American understand their
history and that should unite them and not divide them. He gives more emphasis
on the political class to unite on matters that unite all Americans and not to
focus on history and its mistakes.
second article is by Linda Chavez “They Owe Us.” In her work, Linda takes us
back to the great speech by Dr. Luther King in 1963 which advocated for equal
rights for all people. The speech gave life to human right groups who had for
many years fought for equal rights for all blacks. The books give an account of
how people should rally in the nation’s capital and demand for reparation for
slavery. She well understands that the reparation movement cannot and will
never succeed in the Congress or any court.
suggests that without the support of all stakeholders especially black
luminaries and private attorneys, reparation movements will only be grabbing
headlines and not achieving any policy issue. She claims that the ever-existing
blame game will never put money in anyone’s pocket and would only achieve in
making the whites and blacks more resentful. There is a feeling that most
Americans are not obliged to compensate slaves and their descendants since they
were not part of those dark memories.
first video seeks public opinion on whether blacks should get reparation for
slavery. The panelist debates on whether history should be an issue of concern
in this generation or should people move on. There is a concern from one of the
panelist that the civil war ended over 150years ago and ever since blacks have
been included in government. The racial issues of today should not be
associated with history since now than ever blacks are in government and are
also involved in every policy made than it was the case before. There is also a
concern that it is not possible to trace back 150 years ago and get which
family member was enslaved and if it is possible for the descents of slaves not
to have healed for over 15oyears. As an apology and a show of goodwill, one of
the panelists says that the governments should give even a token to the
descendants of slaves.
second video is the first apology to blacks by the state. Michelle Bernard
states that it is respectful for the state to apologize to the blacks for the atrocities
committed against their ancestors. She asks why the state finds it difficult to
apologize yet everyone knows the history of the country. The biggest fear of
not apologizing is that it would open doors for reparation and that is what the
government has avoided for so long. The blacks feel that they should not be
given empty promises, but rather there should be good education and healthcare.
One of the legislators says that not all American families owned slaves and,
therefore they should not be forced or coerced to apologize. The country should
apologize and move forward and not to give empty promises, the blacks do not
want to hear of what the government wants to, but they need to see something
like public health care is done.
idea of reparation would complicate things more than they are right now and the
rift between the whites and the blacks. No one can publicly declare that
slavery that was committed 150years ago has in one way or another disadvantaged
them. This means that history does not mean anything in terms of financial or
any other life factor for the blacks. The blacks, as well as the whites, also
benefit from the economy that grew as a result of slavery and so there should
be no payments.
agree that it is not possible to trace back 150 years ago and pinpoint which
family member was enslaved. Even the blacks are not aware if their families
were enslaved or not and which generation it was. The argument that it is not
possible that the descendants of slaves have not healed up to now also makes
sense. It is also not true that apologizing would result in reparation; the
blacks know that their ancestors were enslaved and all they need is a state
apology and not compensation. It is true that not all American families owned
slaves and, therefore, they should not be forced to apologize, but it is also
evidently true that the Americans enslaved blacks. To settle all these, the
state should apologize, but there should be no reparation. The government has
done since the civil war by allowing blacks to have representatives in the
government as well as funding human rights groups to fight for the rights of