The oil sands were discovered in 1848, and their production started in 1967. There are many pros and cons to the oil sands, as people have different views towards them.  The oil sands have an effect on alberta, as they affect wildlife, climate, and tourism in alberta. The oil sands take up a big part of alberta’s land mass. With this giant land consumption comes a big effect on the lives of wild animals in alberta. The deathtole of wild animals in alberta has gone up drastically, as the oil sands take 3 gallons of water for every gallon of oil produced. Along with the water required to make this oil, it also required approximately two tons of land to be dug up in order to produce a single barrel of this fuel (Gehrke, 2014).This means that animals are slowly losing the critical resources they need to survive. These animals include the Gray wolf, the black bear, various migrating birds and aquatic life. For the land and air animals, they are losing forest to live in, which takes away from there protection. For animals like the grey wolf, they are being killed in such ways as poison and traps, which is causing other animal casualties, such as dogs and other animals that workers are not trying to kill. In the case of aquatic life, The water used in the oil sands comes directly from local sources, such as rivers and streams. Having to take large amounts of water out of the ecosystem can have serious consequences on the local aquatic and wildlife. It is estimated that almost 172 billion gallons of water are taken every year from local waterways. And that around 85% of the water used is too polluted to be recycled back into the waterways. This big loss of water can affect aquatic life, causing many unnecessary wildlife deaths.Oil is known to be very dirty. The oil sands produce some of the dirtiest oil in the world . Thanks to the rapidly rising emissions from the oil sands, upstream oil and gas is now the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Canada. The tar sands alone give out more CO2 than all the cars in the country combined, as it is estimated that canada has around 33 million registered cars. An anticipated growth in the oilsands will make it nearly impossible for Canada to reduce emissions to agreed-upon levels under the Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) dealing with greenhouse gas emissions. This will put a bad rep on canada as a green country, as all this work will just continue to release emissions into the air, affecting the rise of the climate in canada. A provinces tourism rates can take a big hit based off a reputation or ones attempt to disrupt the flow of tourism. Many people do not have a positive view of the oilsands, and this affects tourism to alberta. Many people believe that there are health risks that involve the air, and believe that the only reason people will go to alberta is to work. A U.S. group has unveiled billboards urging Americans to reconsider their travel plans to Alberta because of the province’s oil sands projects. Corporate Ethics International launched billboards in four U.S. cities Wednesday that compare Alberta’s oilsands to the environmental disaster caused by the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. he billboards were placed in Portland, Ore., Denver, Seattle and Minneapolis, four centres that generate many U.S. visitors to Alberta (Corporate Ethics International, 2010). Alberta responded to this by inviting american citizens to come and see the province for themselves, as the government isn’t too worried about losses in the tourism industry, as “We’ve seen similar attempts by activists to tie the tourist industry into political issues, but we have not seen any significant effect in past efforts. It remains to be seen what happens here” (Don Boynton, 2010). Although the government isn’t too worried now, it is only a matter of time before the true effects of the actions will slow down tourism in alberta. The Alberta oil sands have been disputed for many years, as people see both good and bad in them. This will likely go on for many years to come, as there is no conclusion to whether they are completely good or bad, although as they do affect wildlife, climate, and tourism in alberta, it can be said that they will have a negative impact for years to come.

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