T-Title:I think the poem will be about a captain who either is a husband of a wife or a captain who saved one of his crew members life. I think this because the title “O captain! My Captain”, the word “my” in the title stands out to me. People usually say “My” referring to another person due to the fact that they are close with the other person or love them. The wife would be talking about how the captain, her husband would be gone for long periods of time and missing him therefore the poem could be about her missing her husband. Resulting, in the title being named “O captain! My Captain!”. For, my second hypothesis of what the poem is going to be about is that the captain would be a heroic figure towards a crew member as he saved them from a tragedy such as a sinking boat and he himself possibly been severely injured or even killed in the process. After this heroic act the crew member saved is reflecting on the experience therefore this poem is talking about that experience. The crew member is showing affection towards the captain by calling him “O captain! My captain!”.This is how I came to my conclusion about what the poem will be about based on the title.P-Paraphrase                     Poem line                                                                        ParaphraseO, Captain! my Captain! our fearful trip is done, Captain, captain our frightening expedition is finished. The ship has weather’d every rack, the prize we sought is won, The vessel has battled every circumstance, the award we looked forward to has been achieved.The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting, The port is close to the rings I hear, the townspeople cheering. While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel grim and daring; While the townspeople watch the stationary keel, the ship looks uninviting and bold.But O heart! heart! heart! But my heart, heart, heart.O the bleeding drops of red, The blood dropsWhere on the deck my Captain lies, On the deck where the Commander is situated. Fallen cold and dead. Collapsed frigid and lifeless.O, Captain! my Captain! rise up and hear the bells; Commander, commander wake up and hear the rings.Rise up—for you, the flag is flung—for you the bugle trills, Wake up, the flag is raised for you the trumpet is played.For you, bouquets and ribbon’d wreaths—for you the shores a-crowding, For you the posy and the ribbon covered chaplet. For you, the shores are crowding.For you they call, the swaying mass, their eager faces turning; For you they call, the influencing mass, their energetic faces turning.Here Captain! dear father! Hear Commander! Dear guardian!This arm beneath your head! This arm below your head.It is some dream that on the deck, It is only a dream that on this deckYou’ve fallen cold and dead. You have collapsed frigid and lifeless.My Captain does not answer, his lips are pale and still, My Commander does not reply, his lips are bleached and motionless.My father does not feel my arm, he has no pulse nor will, My dad can not sense my arm, he has no heartbeat or determination.                                                        The ship is anchored safe and sound, its voyage closed and done, The vessel is tied down protected and sound, its journey accomplished and over.From fearful trip the victor ship comes in with object won; From the frightful adventure, the winner vessel comes in with the award achieved.Exult O shores and ring O bells! Celebrate O shores and ring O chimes!But I with mournful tread, But I with a sorrowful step.Walk the deck my Captain lies, Stride on the deck where my Commander is situated.Fallen cold and dead.Fallen frigid and lifeless.Connotation:    Walt Whitman wrote this shortly after Abraham Lincoln had passed away, depicting how he thought of him as the father of the country during the civil war. Based on this brief history, I realized that Whitman writes this poem comparing Abraham Lincoln to the “Captain”. This whole poem is a metaphor due to this, therefore it results in the creation of meaning as I can now relate how people viewed Abraham Lincoln and how they felt with him passing away. Whitman uses symbolism to also create effect and meaning as he uses the ship to represent America and its time going through the Civil War, also the Americans mourning Abraham Lincoln’s passing.The ship(America) has “weather” which means been through a rough storm or a situation and this situation is the Civil War. This creates a sorrowful atmosphere. Whitman uses Imagery to contribute to meaning and the effect on the poem as he describes that the ship looks “Grim and Daring”, the ship as I stated earlier represents America going through the Civil War, the imagery is used to depict the condition of people who were affected by the Cold War. Many people were affected by starvation and poverty.Whitman uses rhyme to emphasize meaning as he puts words such as “Done” and “Won” “bells ” and “Trills” “Head” and “Dead” “Still” and “Will” “Tread” and “Dead”.I also found examples of alliteration “flag is flung”, as well as”safe and sound”.Repetition also occurs multiple times, such as”O Captain! My Captain”, and “fallen cold and dead”.Attitude:Whitman uses diction conveyed with rhyme, as he puts words such as “Done” and “Won” “bells ” and “Trills” “Head” and “Dead” “Still” and “Will” “Tread” and “Dead”. The first stanza has the diction use of “done”, “won” and “Red”, “Dead”. The attitude quickly shifts from a joyful and proud one as done is accomplishing something followed by won which is something you achieved these words create a positive attitude. This positive attitude shifts towards a negative one with the words “Red and “Dead” which relate to death and blood two extremely negative diction choices. The diction choice in the second stanza again innocent and hopeful,which are positive words, as Whitman uses the words “Rise up” ,”For you the flag is flung” ,”For you the bugle trills”. A sense of compassion and sympathy is felt, a very lighthearted segment. This then again changes to a negative attitude as he uses the diction of “Fallen cold and dead”, death, cold, and fallen are words that create a sensation of hopelessness, a time where everyone should be mourning a loss. The third stanza starts off with negative attitude with the diction choice of “Does not answer” this creates a fearful and anxious perception. This continues as Whitman uses the words “No pulse” relating to death again fearful yet allows the reader to feel sympathy, resulting in a mishmash of positive and negative attitude. I got a peaceful sensation when the author uses “Safe and sound”. He than ends off the poem with a negative vibe “Mournful tread” , “Cold” and “Dead”. Overall the attitude/tone is sorrowful for the loss of a leader, yet happy as the fearful trip is over.Shifts:    I found a pattern for the shifts which is they occur every other line, it changes from cheerful and celebration to a sorrowful and mourning tone. Although, this pattern does break at the last stanza which starts with a sorrowful tone. I can only find the shifts through the changes in sound/diction. The first stanza “Our fearful trip is done, The prize we sought is won” this is a cheerful and happy tone as this horrid adventure is over with and the prize that they were looking for was achieved. The Shift occurs with the lines “O Heart heart heart, O the bleeding drops of red”, “Where on the deck my Captain lies fallen cold and dead”. Obviously, there is a mournful and disheartening sense acquainted with these lines. For the second stanza again it starts with a cheerful and celebrating feeling “O captain rise up and hear the bells”, “Rise up for you the flag is flung for you the bugle trills”.Changes to a sorrowful and mournful atmosphere shown by “This arm beneath your head, it is some dream that on the deck You have fallen cold and dead”. The third stanza starts with sorrowful tone “My captain does not answer his lips are pale and still”, “My father does not feel my arm he has no pulse nor will”. The atmosphere than shifts to a happy celebration one shown by “The ship is anchor’d safe and sound, its voyage closed and done”. Then it returns to end of the poem with a negative vibe “But I with mournful tread Walk the deck my Captain lies, Fallen cold and dead”.Title:    The new insight that the title provides is that now I realize that the “Captain” is Abraham Lincoln who was the leader of America during the Civil War,this poem is about him leading America and how the Americans felt about his leadership/death (Mournful, and sorrowful).This situation of America being involved in the Civil War required a leader and that leader was Abraham Lincoln. Using this knowledge after reading the poem and looking back at the title I realize that the whole poem is just a reference towards Abraham Lincoln and America in the Civil War under his leadership. For example the line “Our fearful trip is done” I can infer that Whitman used this line to portray the relief Americans had, knowing the Civil war has ended. The line “Weathered every rack” was placed in the poem to exemplify that America has pushed through the Civil war, and that “the prize we sought is won”. This prize is the preservation of the Union. The line “The people all exulting” was put in to emphasize the happiness and celebration of Americans knowing that they had won the war. A sorrowful line includes the following, “Where on the deck my Captain lies  Fallen cold and dead”, this line was put in either to show the Americans grief of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln or Whitman’s grief. In the second stanza again Whitman shifts back to the celebration of the final stages of the Civil War with the line “Rise up and hear the bells, Rise up for you the flag is flung for you the bugle trills”. This line is also referring to Abraham Lincoln’s assassination and how the end of the Civil War could not be done without him and he should be honoured because of his actions but, he can not “Rise up” as he is dead which is the reality of the situation. This realization sets in the third stanza as now Whitman vividly describes the Captains features such as “His lips are pale and still, My father does not feel my arm, he has no pulse or will”. Showing that Abraham Lincoln is actually dead and will not be coming back.    Theme:    This poem “O Captain My Captain” has many themes these include, Compassion, despair, escapism, grief, heroism, leadership, patriotism, and trust. The essential theme of this poem is a combination of these. The poem is saying that in tough times a proper leader who knows the rights and wrongs also what is beneficial for everyone not only his country is an essential factor in having a smooth running country. This leader by having these traits will then gain respect by his fellow civilians and will be honored after his death.The poem addresses the Americans and Abraham Lincoln. I learned that Abraham Lincoln was one of a kind leader who gained much respect and sympathy during and after his life due to his leadership during the Civil War. The idea that Walt Whitman wants me to take away concerning the subjects is that Americans have respect and feel sympathy/mourn Abraham Lincoln.His legacy that he still has continued through America to this very day. He also wants me to take away the fact of the Civil War and how Americans would not have made it through without having an excellent leader.        

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