Professional ethics encompass
the personal and corporate standards of behavior expected by professionals. Ethics in
education especially in school administration deals with educational actions
which take place in school. Schools are educational organizations and school
administrators have the vital role in managing schools. The success of a school
and the degree of reaching educational aims depends on the principal and
his/her effective governance. To be able create an effective school and manage
it fairly is possible with codes of ethics. It not only analyzes, classifies,
describes and explains human actions as good or bad but also helps us know why
and on what basis our judgment of human action is justified (Kizza, 20-07).
Ethical issues are part of everyday life in schools. They frequently arise from
decisions which require value judgments about doing the right thing, or saying
the good or best thing in a particular situation. Although doing the right
thing seems easy enough most times when an ethically difficult
situation arises, it may cause individuals to examine their ethics in practice
(Campbell, 2004). Today many professional communities have developed a
code of ethics to make more specific the moral code that specifically applies
to their situation. The code must be idealistic and also be practical, so that
it can apply reasonably to all educational administrators. Some professions
have certain and detailed codes of ethics that they sometimes take place of law
(Haynes, 1998)
Today, moral leadership is essential for every organization of all types and in
all corners of society. Administrators play a significant role in society as
leaders and role models for today’s students but future’s leaders. To create a
morally virtuous community, those who manage to-day’s schools and business
departments must invest in a continuing dialogue about their ethical duties to
society and thoughtfully examine both their roles and the benefits that can
come from honoring the responsibilities of ethical leadership (Caldwell and
Jeane, 2007). Administrators deal with fairness, equality, justice, and
democracy as much as they deal with test scores, teachers’ salaries, parents,
and budgets (Strike et al., 2005). It is important for the reputation of
schools that they have an ethical culture. When viewed from the perspective of
stuff, their satisfaction and motivation will indisputably be enhanced when they
feel that they are working at a school that is run with an ethical approach.
Therefore, principals should mind their ethical responsibilities for their
teachers; should respect their individual rights and should be just (Karaköse, 2007).
It is clear that principals’ ethical behaviors help create a trustful school
climate. In such a school climate not only school staff but also students have
great benefit from educational process.

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