“Climate change” and “global warming” are often used interchangeably but have different definitions (I will talk about this at another time). Similarly, the terms “weather” and “climate” are sometimes confusing…Weather vs. Climate”If you don’t like the weather in New England, just wait a few minutes.” – Mark TwainWeather refers to atmospheric conditions that occur locally over short periods of time— snow, rain, etc…Climate, on the other hand, refers to the long-term regional or even global average of humidity, rainfall patterns, etc..Now that we’ve got the basics out of the way, here is a brief introduction of what I’m here to talk about!What is Climate Change?Climate change today can be known as an abrupt increase in the Earth’s temperature.FUN FACT: It’s been estimated that the Earth’s temperature has risen from 1.2 degrees Fahrenheit to 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit warmer in the last century!Furthermore, climate change is a change in the pattern of weather, that persists over long scales of time. Scientists can connect extreme weather conditions via Hurricane Irma and even the December wildfires that scorched southern California to underlying climate change. In fact, studies have shown that climate change has affected the likelihood of extreme weather.Why is it happening? What does it mean?Changes in climate can occur through both natural and human-induced causesClimate change may be due to natural processes, such as volcanic activity, tidal movements, and or due to human influences, such as the changes in the atmosphere- the trend of greenhouse gas emissions because of the burning of fossil fuels or even just land use.Because of climate change, disastrous global phenomena have been occurring throughout the centuries, which include increased temperature trends described by global warming, changes in the sea level; ice mass loss worldwide; shifts in flower/plant blooming; and extreme weather events.