ABSTRACT

The
problems of waste generation and management have become a serious issue of
concern to many scholars in environmental studies. This paper critically
examines the attitude of urban dwellers to waste disposal and management. Solid
waste disposal and management is the vital problem of the India. Because of
lack of awareness of Indian people. Planning for urban solid waste management requires an
assessment of many complex interactions among transportation systems, land use
patterns, urban growth and development, and public health considerations. The
authors discuss the application of a data acquisition and analysis system and a
simulation model to the complex problems of the solid waste management system
in Raipur. The management structure of the Division of Solid Waste Collection
and Disposal was completely reorganized to take advantage of and to supplement
these major organizational changes.

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Key
Words-
Disposal, environmental
degradation, recycling, solid waste management, Dumping ground, Pollutions,
Waste

 

Introduction

The problem of waste generation and management in most
cities especially in developing has become one of the intractable environmental
problems facing urban centers. This situation could be attributed to low level
of technology that is not sophisticated enough to handle the high rate of waste
generation1. Solid waste management and disposal is an alarming
problem encountered in developing economies in Raipur (Chhattisgarh). Waste
generation has witnessed an increasing trend parallel to the development of
industrialization, urbanization, and rapid growth of population. The problem
has become one of the primary urban environmental issues. Enormous amount of
waste is generated daily and its management is a huge task. The prevailing
scenario for solid waste final disposal is usually a matter of transporting the
collected waste to the nearest available open space and dumping it. However,
only a fraction of waste were properly collected and transported. Sometimes it
is burnt to reduce its volume and to minimize attraction of animals and vermin
and also to retrieve recyclable items2. The study make an attempt to
assess the existing solid waste management system of Raipur city and the
environmental aspects associated with the current practice of final disposal of
solid wastes. The study reveals that the uncollected wastes are dumped in open
spaces and streets which clog the drainage system creating serious environmental
degradation and health risks in the city3.

Source and Characteristics of Solid waste

Raipur Municipal solid waste is normally comprised of
food wastes, construction wastes, street sweepings, abandoned vehicles and
appliances, and treatment plant residues. The composition of solid waste as
collected may vary greatly depending upon geographical region and season. Quantity
and composition of solid waste vary greatly for different municipalities and
time of the year. Factors influencing the characteristics of Solid waste are
degree of urbanization and industrialization.

Handling of
Solid Waste

Waste is usually handled in four stages. The Waste
Management Project at Green:

     
Generation -Analyze and reduce the sources of waste

     
Collection- Identify and improve systems of collection

     
Segregation- Identify & evaluate existing processes and put in
force more efficient ones

     
Treatment- Identify & evaluate current systems and put in force
more efficient ones

 

 

 

OBJECTIVES

The objectives of the present work are as follows:

·        
To
assess the environmental problems due to the earlier dumpsites and present
solid waste management practice.

·        
To
study of general practices of solid waste management of solid waste management
of Raipur city.

·        
To
study of best  for the solid waste
management of Raipur city

Materials and Method

The
study was conducted using primary information. Information from households was
collected using a structured Schedule. The Raipur Metropolis is divided into 70
wards. Wards are not homogenous but heterogeneous in terms of population
density and land use patterns.

All the wards can be categorized into five main groups i.e. North, South,
East, West and Centre, each zone have 14 wards, settlement and land use
pattern. 5 wards (36%) out of the 14 of East zone were selected for field
study.

A total of 125 household survey schedules were randomly of the schedule
design consists of seven sections: Household Solid Waste Management; Concerns
about Solid Waste Management; Willingness to participate; Solid Waste
Management Attitude Scale and Demography.

DAMOGRAPHIC
PROFILE OF STUDY AREA

As per 2011 census, 63.50 % population of
Raipur districts lives in rural areas of villages. The total Raipur district
population living in rural areas is 2,580,583 of which males and females are
1,288,567 and 1,292,016 respectively. In rural areas of Raipur district, sex
ratio is 1003 females per 1000 males. If child sex ratio data of Raipur
district is considered, figure is 980 girls per 1000 boys. Child population in
the age 0-6 is 387,005 in rural areas of which males were 195,416 and females
were 191,589. The child population comprises 15.17 % of total rural population
of Raipur district. Literacy rate in rural areas of Raipur district is 70.47 %
as per census data 2011. Gender wise, male and female literacy stood at 82.18
and 58.83 percent respectively. In total, 1,545,714 people were literate of
which males and females were 898,298 and 647,416 respectively

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