A. In the present day, airplanes are already designed to allow lightning to pass through its structure without damaging the craft. The outer covering part of the plane is mainly composed of aluminum that is in fact a well conductor of electricity. So what could the possible real scenario when lightning strikes an airplane? So when the lightning strikes, it is initially attach to the extremity parts of the plane such as the wings, nose, and the tip. After that, the airplane will just fly through the lightning flash, which reattaches itself to the fuselage at other locations while the airplane is in the electric circuit between the cloud regions of opposite polarity. Then, the electric current will travel to the exterior part of the plane where it conducts electricity well, and finally exit to the extremity of the plane, or in the tail of the plane. Therefore, when you ride a plane you shouldn’t be worrying even if you will be noticing some strikes and thunder basically in front of you, since airplanes are designed to dissipate lightning quickly. Also today airplanes receive a careful set of lightning certification tests to verify the safety of their designs.B. In an actual situation, when a lightning strikes a car most of the electric current will travel in the car’s metal cage and goes out into the ground. Logically, the cars act like a mobile faraday cage. Faraday cage act like an enclosure used to block electromagnetic fields. A Faraday shield may be formed by a continuous covering of conductive material or in the case of a Faraday cage, by a mesh of such materials. However, not all cars are designed like convertibles – a car with a folding of detachable roof, that don’t have metal roofs, and also some vehicles comprises a non-metal parts, which give lightning the ability to flow into the entire part of the car. According to the national lightning safety institute, they reported that some vehicles experienced external damage when struck by lightning due to the general structure and part of their car. As well as the internal damage in electronic system and components.

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